June 2nd, 2021 | 09:59 CEST
Volkswagen, Nevada Copper, Geely - Things are heating up!
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Metals the winners of the energy revolution
Supercycle or not. The fact is that a CO² reduction in the economy and transport will require a radical change in the raw materials sector. Coal, crude oil and gas are losing importance. At the same time, metals such as cobalt, lithium, and copper will be in even greater demand than at present to expand capacities for generating and storing renewable energies. Copper is and will remain irreplaceable in the electrification of the global economy due to its chemical properties.
An electric car contains an average of around 83 kilograms of copper, four times as much as a car with an internal combustion engine. Inventories of the red metal are currently at a multi-year low, and at the same time, some copper mines were shut down last year. As the development of new mines takes several years, the copper price recently almost reached its all-time high since 2011 again.
In 2019, the market was short 383,000 tons. In 2020, the supply deficit rose to 559,000 tons, the highest value in more than a decade. If we now go by the statistics, the share of electric cars (BEVs and PHEVs) in the passenger car population in Germany alone was only around 1.2%. According to forecasts, the share will grow to 24.4% by 2030. That would correspond to an absolute number of about 11.55 million vehicles. As a result, a further surplus in demand is preprogrammed for the light metal in the coming years.
Profitability due to rising prices
As already described above, investments in exploration and the development of new copper deposits have failed to materialize in recent years due to low prices. Global demand is currently saturated by 10 larger mines and about 20 smaller ones. Thus, Goldman Sachs analysts stated, "The copper market is unprepared for this critical role!" The winners of this phenomenon are undoubtedly the large producers and smaller mining companies that have already secured promising mining projects.
One of the favorites is Nevada Copper, a mining company operating since 2007 and has a promising copper project at Pumpkin Hollow in Nevada, not far from the headquarters of Google and Tesla. Major players such as Blackrock and Pala Investments are already involved in the high-grade project, which contains gold, silver and copper. The Company's two fully-permitted projects include the high-grade underground mine and processing plant, which are now in production, and a large open pit project that has progressed toward feasibility.
Plant running at full speed
With postponements and shutdowns still occurring in recent months, the share price has been slowed and has not yet benefited from the rising copper price. Only at the end of April, Nevada Copper's target of processing 5,000 tons of ore per day was confirmed with the completion of the production shaft in the main area. The latest forecasts recently announced by the management clearly show the potential of the project. For the underground mine, annual production of copper equivalent to 77 million pounds is planned; for the open pit mine, Nevada Copper even assumes output of 200 million pounds. The stock market value is currently around EUR 323 million. If the forecasts come true, there is still a lot of room for improvement!
Outsourcing of the battery business
Volkswagen continues to upgrade and brace itself against solid competition from Tesla, BYD, Nio, Geely & Co. By 2030, the group plans to build six factories in Europe alone together with partners for a double-digit billion sum to produce battery cells. A Europe-wide network of fast-charging stations for electric cars is also to be created. In total, the gigafactories planned by the end of the decade are to have a total capacity of 240 gigawatt hours per year. In addition to Salzgitter, which will be operated without an external partner, a site is also to be built in northern Sweden.
To finance the overall project, Wolfsburg is considering an IPO of the entire battery business. "We are not ruling anything out for the time being - at least for the cell business." "The construction of cell plants is costly," said the VW Group Board of Management, explaining the considerations. In addition, the stock market players honored another plan of the VW headquarters. Thus, speculation arose again, according to which an IPO of Porsche AG is being considered. In the meantime, the Volkswagen share was clearly in the plus with 3%.
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