March 24th, 2023 | 07:55 CET
First Phosphate, Volkswagen and Vonovia - Winners in climate poker
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"[...] Nickel, therefore, benefits twice: firstly from its growing importance within batteries and secondly from the generally growing demand for such storage. [...]" Terry Lynch, CEO, Power Nickel
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First Phosphate: Basic supplier for climate neutrality
This coming Sunday, the citizens of Germany's capital will vote by referendum on whether Berlin should become climate neutral by 2023. If the vote is YES, residents and public institutions have just seven years to make this a reality. The city will stop running internal combustion cars, switch to zero-emission mobility, and renovate its buildings. The model for achieving a climate-neutral city is the example of Oslo. This is exactly where First Phosphate comes into play.
First Phosphate is a mineral extraction company fully focused on the mining and processing of phosphate to produce active cathode material for the lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery industry. First Phosphate aims to produce with a high level of purity, in compliance with all ESG standards, and with an expected low carbon footprint.
First Phosphate plans to seamlessly integrate from the mine to the supply chains of North America's leading LFP battery manufacturers. These require high-quality, battery-grade active LFP cathode material from a reliable and consistent supply source. Vertical integration guarantees a secure and sustainable supply chain for customers.
As many German companies are expanding their facilities in North America due to the energy crisis caused by sanctions against Russia, this brings us full circle to the potential climate-neutral capital of Berlin. The higher the demand for renewable energy, the more important mining and mineral exploration companies like First Phosphate become. That is because demand must be met in the shortest possible time. Initial results from test drilling are promising. Read more here.
Volkswagen: Green light for battery production
Battery company PowerCo, part of the Volkswagen Group, and Belgian materials technology group Umicore have received the green light for their planned joint venture. The necessary permits were granted in September 2022, meaning the partners can now begin preparations for large-scale industrial production of cathode materials (CAM) and precursor materials (PCAM) in Europe. This is an important step for the future production of batteries and demonstrates the commitment of both companies to a sustainable future. The cathode material is crucial for the performance of a battery. First Phosphate is one of the potential suppliers.
As early as 2025, the joint venture between PowerCo and Umicore will supply PowerCo's European battery cell factories with critical materials for manufacturing. Based in Brussels, the joint venture will cover a significant share of PowerCo's EU demand. Umicore will gain reliable access to an important part of the European demand for cathode materials for electric vehicles. The collaboration promises a secure and efficient supply chain for European battery cell production.
The joint venture is on schedule to produce 160-gigawatt hours of cell capacity per year for CAM and PCAM by the end of the decade. This annual production capacity would be sufficient to manufacture around 2.2 million fully electric vehicles. Both partners are thus making an important contribution to promoting the green mobility transition and further developing a local, sustainable and fully integrated European battery supply chain. The joint venture's location and name will be announced later as the search for a suitable production site continues. Perhaps Berlin would be the right place.
Vonovia - Climate neutrality begins with the landlord
Things are looking anything but rosy for Vonovia on the European real estate market at the moment. If the majority of the referendum in Berlin wins a yes, Vonovia's 136,000 apartments will have to be renovated or upgraded to be climate-neutral. In Brandenburg, the group owns 8,000 apartments. Vonovia is the leading landlord of apartments in Europe. In November 2022, CEO Rolf Buch announced that the group would reduce its spending on new construction and energy efficiency measures by 40% to EUR 850 million by 2023.
One way out of the redevelopment dilemma is to sell Vonovia's apartments to the public sector. In Dresden, for example, Vonovia is planning to sell around 6,000 apartments and is offering the city the opportunity to purchase up to 3,000 of them. Tenants in Dresden were visibly shocked by rent increases of up to 25% due to higher energy and heating costs. The "Stop Rent Madness" action alliance has formed in Dresden against rent increases.
"Vonovia has not proven to be a responsible landlord in the past, and many tenants have suffered from its lack of maintenance policy. Now Vonovia is under increasing pressure, and we fear the worst in the event that the apartments are sold to other private financial investors," explains alliance spokesman Alex Meier. The city should now fix it.
Should it also come to this in Berlin, the Senate would be in debt. Public funding for new buildings and modernization could help. Accordingly, the taxpayer would then pay for Berlin to become a green cloud. In 2016, Oslo opted for the path to climate neutrality. Fourteen years instead of seven for climate transformation seems more realistic than what Berlin is facing.
In climate poker, the need for renewable energy is growing rapidly. With energetic goals such as a climate-neutral capital in Germany, initiatives are putting enormous pressure on local governments. They are then forced to accelerate the change. This leads to higher demand for basic materials such as those First Phosphate can provide. The German automotive group Volkswagen is also doing everything possible to switch to e-battery production. Vonovia has the option of selling to the public sector to further lock in its profits. It remains exciting to see who will have the best hand in climate poker.
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